Funny Quotes About Life, Sayings About Life, Life Quotes And Sayings

Funny Quotes About Life, Sayings About Life, Life Quotes And Sayings
Sayings about life can inspire and motivate us in challenging times. The quotes below might offer perspective as to how other people have lived their lives, how they face difficulties, and how they overcome roadblocks in order to move forward in life. These sayings about life can be a helpful way to give advice or recommendations. Below, find a list of sayings about life.

Sayings About Life
We spend most of our lives conjugating three verbs: to want, to have, and to do. – Evelyn Underhil

There is no short cut to achievement. Life requires thorough preparation — veneer isn’t worth anything. -George Washington Carver

Life as we call it, is nothing but the edge of the boundless ocean of existence when it comes upon soundings. -Oliver Wendell Holmes

My success so far has only been won by absolute indifference to my future career. -Theodore Roosevelt

There is more stupidity than hydrogen in the universe, and it has a longer shelf life. -Frank Zappa

The greatest quest in life is to reach one’s potential. -Mychal Wynn

In the beginning the Universe was created. This has made a lot of people very angry and been widely regarded as a bad move.” -Douglas Adams

You can avoid reality, but you cannot avoid the consequences of avoiding reality. – Ayn Rand

Funny Quotes About Life
He who laughs last thinks slowest. -Unkown

C makes it easy to shoot yourself in the foot; C++ makes it harder, but when you do, it blows away your whole leg. -Bjarne Stroustrup

Those are my principals, if you don’t like them I have others. -Groucho Marx

I want my children to have all the things I couldn’t afford. Then I want to move in with them. -Phyllis Diller

Life Quotes and Sayings
On cable TV they have a weather channel — 24 hours of weather. We had something like that where I grew up. We called it a window. -Dan Spencer

There are two types of people in this world, good and bad. The good sleep better, but the bad seem to enjoy the waking hours much more. -Woody Allen

Moral indignation is jealousy with a halo. -H. G. Wells

I am not what you would call a handsome man. God did not choose to bless me with good looks, charm or a fully functional brain. -Bobby Bouchet, Waterboy

The 50-50-90 rule: Anytime you have a 50-50 chance of getting something right, there’s a 90% probability you’ll get it wrong. -Unknown

If you read a lot of books, you’re considered well-read. But if you watch a lot of TV, you’re not considered well-viewed. -Lily Tomlin

Truck Rental Quote: Opt the best company

Truck Rental Quote: Opt the best company

Moving is a very easy task, if you do it with full planning. Planning basically includes selecting the best moving services. You can look for good car and truck rentals and can compares them on the basis of their Truck Rental Quotes.  Before hiring any movers there are many other things that should be considered like fee for the rental, cost of gas, insurance charges and the type and size of the car and trucks.

In many cases, the movers provide the facilities of the packing and unpacking, if the city from which you are shifting is close to your new destined place. If the place is too distant or out of range, the truck rental agency may plainly refuse to drive any further.

You should always aspire to select an excellent moving company for the shifting of goods. You should always contact more than one moving companies so that you could have more than one option. You can do this either online or by visiting the premises of the truck rentals. Look out for that truck rental company which provides the facilities as per your requirement. Always verify the rates of the movers and the cost of different trucks and care depending on their sizes.

Moving companies provide trucks in excellent conditions. You can even choose the best as per your requirement. You should compare the truck rental quotes for getting the full knowledge about the trucks, making the shifting an easy job. As also, remember to choose the truck is big enough to accumulate all your moving properties, but not so large that you will have to give even for the left over space that will not be used. After you have rightly chosen the size of the truck, the next important step is to compare the costs. Try to get an immediate personalized quote to get an idea of what exactly you need. Now you can easily compare several different bids on how much you can spend or can afford and what you can save as a small amount.

At the end, when you have decided to sign-up any moving companies on the basis of the truck rental quotes, do not waste the time and quickly call and book them in advance.

Flight News On World Air News Round UP

Flight News On World Air News Round UP

We have air news around the world on airlines, aircrafts, technology, training and many others as follows for November 2010,

Partnership Remembered

LG Electronics South Africa and South African Air Forces Korean Veterans Association handed over a commemorative painting of the South Korean Ambassador to South Africa at a function held in Sand ton recently to mark the 60th anniversary of the start of the Korean conflict in 1950.

No.2 Squadron, SAAF.-The Flying Cheetahs –supported the Korean War effort with a distinguished record of service in Korea. The Flying Cheetahs piloted P-51D Mustangs and F-86F Sabres during this time which are the subjects of the painting by Professor Derrick Dickens.

The Korean electronics giant, LG Electronics, donated money to the SAAF Korean Veterans Association for the painting of the two types of aircraft flown by South Africans in the liberation efforts in Korea between 1950 and 1953 .The painting was later handed over to the President of Korea, Lee Myung-bak by the Korean ambassador to South Africa, Hansoo Kim.

The pilots and men of the squadron were highly decorated heroes who received a total of 797 medals. These included two silver stars-the highest award to non-American nationals-three Legions of Merit for meritorious conduct,55 Distinguished Flying Crosses for heroism in aerial combat and 40 Bronze Stars for bravery.

No.2 Squadron flew a total of 12 067 sorties for a loss of 34 pilots and two other ranks. Its role was mainly flying ground attack and interdiction missions as one of the squadrons making up the United States Air Forces 18th Fighter Bomber Wing.

Thunder City to Cease Flying

Well-known Thunder City, which has the worlds largest civilian-owned fleet of ex-combat jets including three English Electric Lightings, three BAe Buccaneers, five Hawker Hunters, a Strike master and two retrofitted Puma helicopters, ceased flying operations shortly before the opening of the Africa Aerospace and Defense exhibition in late September at which it was widely expected to perform .

Making the announcement founder and CEO of Thunder City, Mike Beachy Head said:”Established under the name Thunder City 2000, the brand has gone on to become one of the most globally recognized as a home-grown South Africa one. Seen by an estimated 1, 5 billion TV viewers in countries across the planet, the iconic Thunder City, jets have inspired many to travel to Cape Town to experience the thrill and adrenaline-rush of flying in a supersonic ex-military jet.”

Beachy Head added that it had not been an easy decision to make, but that a number of factors such as the current slow economy, high cost of maintenance, difficulties with inconsistencies from the authorities and short to medium term prospects, had influenced the closures. He says that the 14 aircraft would be mothballed until a final decision is made as to the future of this valuable and historic collection.

During the past decade the Thunder City jets have flown more than 2000 sorties and generated revenue in excess of R100-million.

Longest Flight

Embraers ultra-large Lineage 1000 executive jet demonstrator aircraft recently made company history by completing the longest distance ever flown by an Embraer aircraft.

In its first nonstop flight from Mumbai, in India, to London’s Luton Airport, in England, the Lineage 1000 covered a ground distance of 4015 nautical miles in nine hours and i5 minutes. This distance is equivalent to 4400 nautical miles with no headwind.

Future Star Alliance Member

Star Alliance has announced that the Chief Executive Board has unanimously approved the application of Ethiopian Airlines to join Star Alliance.

This means that, in future, the alliance will have three main hubs in Africa-Addis Ababa, Cairo and Johannesburg-allowing for an ideal access to the continent from either North, Centre-East or South.

Ethiopian Airlines will add five new countries (Chad, Congo, Djibouti, Mali, and Niger) and 24 African destinations to the Star Alliance network, which will then encompass a total of 29 carriers, offering a choice of more than 21380 daily flights to 1196 destinations in 186 countries.

SAA Drops CT-DBN Route

SAA and Mango have concluded a code share agreement on the route between Cape Town and Durban.

This code share agreement has enabled SAA to withdraw its aircraft from the Durban-Cape Town route effective from the beginning of this month and still continue servicing this market with SAA customers flying on the Mango aircraft.

US/Angola Flights

Delta Air Lines add an eighth destination to its growing Africa route network in January, with the first-ever scheduled direct service between the United States and Luanda, Angola.

Flights will operate three times per week with 243-seat Airbus A330-200 aircraft flying between Deltas hub at Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport and Luanda with an intermediate stop in Dakar, Senegal.

Another B737 for Air Algerie

Boeing has delivered to Air Algerie its 11th 737-800 which operates a fleet composed primarily of B737s and some 767s.

Boeing is scheduled to deliver two additional 737-800s before the year-end, as well as four more in 2011.Air Algerie will be operating 17 B737-800s in 2011 for a total of 22 Next-Generation B737 airliners to complement its fleet.

Honeywell Operator Conference

Honeywell Aerospace in conjunction with two of its South African channel partners recently hosted an operator conference for operators, pilots and maintenance personnel.

The focus of the conference was to provide information and training on various Honeywell products and services.

The programme consisted of a review of Honeywell’s customer and products support services including; MySpace website update, services issues, entry-into service, training, maintenance service programmes and HAPP.

In Addition, brief updates and technical presentations on current RMUs and maintenance and operational issues were conducted, followed by an open-floor session.

A pilot training session was also held as part of the conference.

Terrafugia Preps for Production

The developers of the Transition folding-wing “road able” aircraft are preparing a 1765-square-metre area at its local facility for low-volume production to begin in late 2011.

The company is currently working on construction of two of its newly redesigned vechicles, which will serve as road test and light sport aircraft certification flight test vechicles, respectively .Terrafugia is currently targeting a low-to mid -$ 200000 purchase price for the Transition, and says construction of the two test prototypes will help finalize final pricing.

If all goes well, the company hopes to provide “fifty skilled manufacturing jobs” at its new facility by 2013 as it ramps up toward high-volume production .But those plans have not yet been finalized and will similarly be affected by the lessons of low-volume production, according to the company.

To date it has about 80 orders for the aircraft.Terrafugia is accepting reservations with a $ 10 000 refundable deposit.

HBV VP for Africa

Hawker Beech craft Corporation (HBC) has announced the appointment of Scott Plumb as vice president, Hawker Jet Sales for Europe, the Middle East and Africa(EMEA) region.

In his position, Plumb is responsible for all Hawker jet sales for the EMEA region.

He joins the company’s sales leadership team alongside Peter Walker, the recently appointed vice president of Beech craft Sales for the EMEA region.

Plumb has more than 20 years of aerospace sales and marketing management experience gained in variety of roles at Gulfstream Aerospace ,Airbus Industrie and British Aerospace .Most recently, he worked for Vista Jet Aviation Services, A, where he was Chief Commercial Officer and a board member, responsible for all sales and marketing activities in Europe, the Middle East and Asia.

Etihad Airways General Manager

Etihad Airways has appointed Maurice Phohleli at its general manager for South Africa.

He assumed the position recently and, based in Johannesburg, he has taken over from Craig Thomas, who has become Etihads country manager for Thailand.

Websites Design – Web Site Designs

Websites Design – Web Site Designs

Do you know what do visitors like? How do they respond? Do you want visitors to visit your website. And if your answer is “Yes” then you ought to read this. This will give you the necessary information that could be very helpful to you.

What all you need to do to make your vistors like your website? What does it requires to attract your visitors? And all related questions that could pop up in your brains. You can find answers to your questions here. You just need to read on.

Web Design – A marketing tool

In order to attract your visitors you need to focus more on your website design because web design is a tool in the market today to let your visitors think for a while when they visit your website. Recent studies have shown that most of the visitors get attracted by the deisgn and they stay a bit longer on your website if they like your design. Your web design can keep your customers attracted. And sometimes it is only because of a good or carefully web designed website that most of the visitors when they reach your website proceed to read out the information that which you have given there on your site.

So when do your visitors lose their interest?

It is true that they visit your website but why do they go to other websites after visiting your website? There could be innumerable reasons for this but most of the website development professionals think that one thing that matters a lot is the presentation of your website. Yes, you have read aright. Your website presentation matters a lot. You need to have a unique website design in order to attract your visitors and or to keep your visitors for a bit longer time on your website. If they can spend some time on their website then there is a possiblity that they will try to let themselves know something about yourself or your company. And don’t you want to let yourself be known to them? Don’t you want to acheive your aim. It is every company’s dream. When you create a website you hope that you will receive some attention from your customers. You hope that your visitors will reach you and your business will grow by leaps and bounds. You expect this, don’t you?

Website designing is very crucial:

A good website design is of paramount importance.

What do you do when you meet anyone. Don’t you try to impress the person whom you are meeting for the very first time? You really try to impress the person whom you meet. You try to present yourself well or in a very different manner. You try to leave an impression on his or her mind that you are different. Don’t you do?

Visitor are new to you. You will have to present yourself to them in a different manner. You will have to present yourself through your website or to be more precise through your website design. Your website design should be interactive. It should be able to captivate the attention of your visitors. It should be eye-catchig. It should instantly create an impression on the minds of your visitors. An impression that remains forever, not the one that is delible. It should be an indelible one. It should last for a longer time on their mind. Such should be the website design of your website. Your website design can really help you gain visitors….

Web design – A combination of a various factors

Web design is the combination of various factors. Web page lay out, graphic design, content and special effects all are a part of this. All these combine to give a better website design.

Resoure :

Benefits of an Accurate Freight Quote

Benefits of an Accurate Freight Quote

Why Businesses Ship Freight

Businesses use freight shipping because it saves them time and money. When shipping items in bulk, no other option comes close to the services and pricing a freight carrier provides. The goal is to find a reputable freight company you can work with that has a vast network of top carriers, exclusive discounts, and equipment options. As an additional bonus, most places let you compare rates, submit completed orders for pickup, manage billing, and track shipments online in just a few clicks.

I’ve simplified the process below. By following these suggestions, you can save time and money on your next freight shipment.

Pack and Weigh Tips

Packaging and weight are the two most important parts to freight shipping. Exact measurements and secure packaging taking the guessing game out of the quote process. It is important to properly pack your item for freight shipping to prevent damage. The ultimate goal is to be able to shake the box without repositioning its contents. The shipping contract between you and the carrier usually stipulates that the items be packed and properly secured to minimize the risk of damage during transport. Carriers can waive their liability if the proper guidelines for packing are not followed.

The weight of the item should be exact and must include packing materials like crates, pallets, bubble wrap, and straps. Provide the true weight of each shipment in order to receive the most accurate freight quote. Most businesses are equipped to weigh heavy loads, but certified weight scales are available locally.

Paperwork is Important

You will need to read and complete specific paperwork for each freight carrier or shipping company you choose to prepare your shipment. Freight documents outline special instructions or shipping guidelines that can save you a headache. These documents are typically called BOLs or bill of lading forms. You will need to use the appropriate bill of lading forms in order to receive discounted rates. If you don’t use the correct paperwork, your shipment could be delayed or you could be charged additional fees.

Be Ready for Delivery

When claiming your freight, whether at a terminal or at your business, be prepared to show BOL paperwork and identification showing that you are the actual recipient of the freight. The carrier will not just drop off your freight at your loading dock or office door without a signature, so make sure to make the proper arrangement on the day of your delivery.

More You Should Know

Commercial shippers use freight shipping because their businesses generally have stock to move in bulk.  With every repeat shipment, carriers and freight companies are more likely to give you deeper discounts. So if your business makes frequent daily, weekly or monthly shipments, there’s an added bonus in it for you. Establish a relationship with a reputable freight company so you can quickly and easily compare rates, track shipments, manage paperwork and speak to a designated account manager.

If you are looking for a freight company to help you through the freight quote process, can be a smart choice. They have been in the freight shipping business for years, and let you instantly compare rates and choose the best discounted price from all the top carriers. You can also use their RFP or request for pricing tool to get specialized handling of your quote.

I hope this article makes it easier for you to take advantage of all the benefits of freight shipping.

Amherst Craigslist Tickets Cheap Mullins Center Tickets

Amherst Craigslist Tickets Cheap Mullins Center Tickets

Amherst Craigslist Tickets

  Searching for tickets in Amherst Massachusetts?  We have a large supply of tickets available in this quaint town.  Craigslist Tickets has a large supply of tickets for the Mullins Center and local bars.  Amherst is a democratic town and has roughly 37,000 residents.  Apx 30,000 of this population are college students coming from 3 seperate campuses.  University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst College and Hampshire College.  Places to visit in Amherst, the Emily Dickinson Homestead it is now a museum and is one of the most popular destinations in town.  The Amherst Cinema Arts Center is another spot you should take in, a local theatre that shows mostly independent films.  The W. E. B. Du Bois Library is one of 3 libraries located at the Universite of Massachusetts in Amherst, it is currently the tallest college library in the United States.  The Baird House was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, a stunning design that is hailed by many.  There is so much to do throughout all the schools, a great place to watch a show or theatre event or even a concert.  The Horse Caves are a geological feature in the southern part of the town of Amherst, please don’t miss this great feature of this city.  The legislative body of the Town of Amherst is a Representative Town Meeting, consisting of 240 elected Town Meeting members, 24 from each of 10 precincts plus 14 ex officio members:  the five members of the Select Board, the five members of the School Committee, the President of the Library Trustees, the Chair of the Finance Committee, the Moderator, and the Town Manager.  The Annual Town Meeting usually begins in late April or early May.  The Umass Minutemen have an outstanding reputation in all sports including mens basketball.  Huge crowds always sell out the arena so don’t wait till the last minute for seats.  You can always buy Cheap Minutemen Tickets here.  Amherst students have countless opportunities to enrich their educations through co-curricular and extracurricular activities. A student might go to hear a guest speaker in anthropology, take a karate class, sing in an a cappella concert and then help paint a house with Pioneer Valley Habitat for Humanity—all in a single week!

Buy Amherst Tickets

  If your searching for tickets in the Amherst area your in luck, we have what your looking for when it comes to concerts or theatre and sports.  Amherst Massachusetts Tickets can be purchased here.  Amherst Craigslist Tickets gives you the opportunity to save money and get the seats you want for less.  Three local colleges have many events throughout the school year and with great concerts coming soon you should’nt get shout out.  Do yourself a favor and see all the sporting events and theatre tickets in the near future.  A great college town that has a lot to offer.  All first-year Amherst students live in new or newly renovated residences on the Main Quad. These residences feature well-designed living spaces, along with common spaces for studying, socializing, playing music and performing. Ninety-seven percent of students live on campus, and housing is guaranteed for all four years.

News Publisher – Perfect Tool For News Marketing

News Publisher – Perfect Tool For News Marketing
If you have just established an online business then you strongly need to follow the internet marketing techniques in order to promote your business worldwide. News marketing is an appropriate way for attracting massive traffic to your website from all over the world.

News marketing consists the information regarding your business that what kind of benefits you are intending to provide to your valuable customers. There exist hundreds of news and business directories for the purpose of news marketing, so if you are going to take them one by one then you would have to consume a lot of your time. So to save the overhead and time, developers have invented a masterpiece named News Publisher.

This software also works for you while you sleep what you need is just to provide it the news article and it will perform the news marketing just with one click by submitting them to the top 100 news and business websites. This software is ideal for freelancers, entrepreneurs and business professionals as they can make a vivid exposure to their products or services with news marketing. For backlinks, you have to hyperlink the keywords in order to direct the visitors to your website or home page, so this handy news marketing tool automatically selects the keywords and hyperlink them to your business website or information page.

To prevent spam in news and business directories, a security check code is added in directories. If you are doing news marketing and you have to enter the captchas one by on then it is for sure that you going to waste a lot of your time. So developers have integrated this software to automatically recognize the captcha codes. Every news and business directories has its own guidelines and with the software you dont even need to follow those guidelines for news marketing and it automatically selects the appropriate category for your news, press release or business information. You have unlimited number of accounts and submission reports that gives you the complete scenario of news marketing. The most charming feature that is provided by the developer of this software is free auto updates in future and free life time technical and customers support to integrate your news marketing capabilities.You can get further information from

Fuzzing Tools – Making Sense Out of Nonsense

Fuzzing Tools – Making Sense Out of Nonsense

A burglar faced with a house that is locked uses guile to force an entry. Locksmiths produce tumbler locks that can only be opened with the correct key. The burglar often ignores the complexities of lock-picking and will try to slide a flexible plastic sheet through the gap between the door and the door jamb to push the catch back after which the door sometimes opens with ease. In other words, a burglar attacks a door in a way that was unforeseen. If this method of entry does not work the burglar may look elsewhere and smash a window to gain entry.

Similarly, server attackers work on accepted entry points by treating them in ways that they were not intended to be used in order to force an entry. The more complex the program, the more likely there will be a flaw or a bug that can be worked on.

Access to annotated source code can reveal possible areas for attackers to work on but applications have thousands of lines of code that need to be sifted through. This becomes even worse if all they have is the compiled binary code which has to be disassembled first. In this case, the hacker has to sift through the commands without any annotations to guide them through the logic.

These two methods are the equivalent of picking locks. Using source code is in the first case akin to accessing the locksmith’s original designs or an impression of the actual key and in the second using picks and experience to force the lock open. With so much code to sift through, both methods are time consuming and require knowledge and patience of a specialist. They are the preserve of the dedicated professional.

Often the code is unavailable in any format and the average hacker has to stand back and look at the bigger picture. Applications process data and that information is supplied externally using keyboard input or from strings provided by ancillary applications. These use specific formats, called protocols. A protocol may dictate that the information is a field of characters or digits of a specific maximum length, such as a name or a telephone number. The protocol may be more complex and recognize only Adobe Acrobat PDF files or JPEG image files or, if the input comes from another application, it might have a proprietary protocol.

Subverting the Input

The question is how to subvert these official entry points and use them to possibly crash the application or, even better, to open up a way to inject new code to allow the hacker to take control of the server. The incoming data needs to be stored in a buffer so that it can be processed by the application and this is the key to opening up an entry point.

In November 1988, the Morris worm gave the world a reality check on how hackers can disrupt computer systems and inject disruptive code using weaknesses in software design. The worm exploited flaws in BSD Unix running on DEC Vax and Sun servers and succeeded in bringing 10% of the internet’s servers down. This alerted the world to the dangers of buffer overflows.

Buffer overflows occur when malformed data or oversized data fields are fed into an application. The program is expecting input that complies with a specific protocol, but what happens if the input does not comply? In many cases the answer is that it will disrupt the execution of the application in some way. This brute-force technique has proved to be a rich source for code injection on many computer applications and operating systems and 20 years on from the Morris exploit, it still figures highly in the list of common attack methods.

It may seem strange that after so many years there are still loopholes that can be exploited but this has a lot to do with the way in which applications are tested before finally being released to the users. The pre-launch quality assurance (QA) checking looks for obvious problems by testing that the protocols do work. Initially this is performed by doing everything in the way that the developer Intended it to be done.

The problem is that the developer also should have protected the code from people using the application in the way the developer did not intend. Even the best QA department cannot test for everything but more importantly, the QA department is in charge of making sure the application works as intended so it does not check what happens if the application is not used as intended. This becomes obvious when we see Microsoft, Oracle and other software specialists rushing out security fixes after an application has been released for sale. There are just too many options available and hackers always seem to find new ways to exploit code that could never have been dreamed of by the developers or checked by the QA team.

“Even the best QA department
cannot test for everything”

The process of feeding in false inputs is known as fuzzing and this has become a small industry of its own. A wide range of fuzzing tools have been developed by the elite hacker community to enable the rank and file to execute exploits beyond their own natural abilities. These tools are also adopted or adapted in the QA world to test applications before they are released.

Buffer overflow attacks are well known and a number of tools, or fuzzers, are openly available on the internet. Some of these are used by QA but new tools using sophisticated techniques are appearing all the time and many target specific applications.

Fuzzing techniques are used to find all manner of security vulnerabilities. Apart from highly publicised buffer overflows, there are related integer overflows, race condition flaws, SQL injection, and cross-site scripting. In fact, the majority of vulnerabilities can be exploited or detected using fuzzing techniques. When the applications for exploiting the range of possible vulnerabilities are added to the buffer overflow fuzzing tools, the list is long and daunting.

QA Headache

The QA department faces a huge problem. Hackers outnumber QA staff and they are able to specialize in particular forms of exploit. By contrast, a QA expert has to be a jack-of-all-trades and it is a constant battle to keep up with the latest exploits and hacks. Attackers are always finding new techniques which take time to surface. For this reason partnerships between security-focused companies are important.

With direct access to the server at the focus of the fuzzing attack, it is easy to monitor the effects on the host. Valuable information can be gained by using a suitable debugger such as the open sourced OllyDbg for Windows-based systems or the GDB debugger that comes free with most Unix systems. Specific parameters can also be revealed, such as memory usage, network activity, file system actions and, for Windows, registry file access. Tools for these purposes can be found as part of the Sysinternals Suite, now owned by Microsoft.

Remote hacking lacks this refined option. Instead, monitoring network traffic may provide clues as to whether a system has become unstable or crashed. The absence of reply packets, the presence of unusual packets, or the absence of a service for long periods may indicate a crash. Applications like Autodafe are examining the possibility of analyzing program reactions using tracers in an attempt to improve detection of the server status.

Fuzzing tools are useful because they automate the drudgery of the task. For example, transmitting data fields of various sizes by manually incrementing field lengths is boring and the task can easily be handled in code. Practice has shown that buffer lengths often follow a power of two sequence so test data tends to increase in sizes over the normal size. This means that the sequence 16, 32, 64,128 would be matched by data lengths of 20, 40, 70, 130.

Similarly, after trying packets with malformed headers, specific file formats should be correctly packaged allowing the data payload to be manipulated without affecting the apparent validity of the packet. Test data should also reflect the kind of data that the application may be looking for, using @, , full stops and commas within email applications, or typical URL symbols for HTTP servers.

Fuzzing techniques fall into three basic types: session data, specialized, and generic. Session data fuzzing is the simplest because it transforms legal data incrementally. For example, the starting point could be a SMTP protocol: mail from: sender@testhost

This would then be sent in the following forms to see what effect they have:

mailmailmailmail from: sender @ testhost
mail fromfromfromfrom: sender @ testhost
mail from:::: sender @ testhost
mail from: sendersendersendersender @ testhost
mail from: sender @@@@ testhost
mail from: sender @ testhosttesthosttesthosttesthost

Specialized fuzzers are the ones that target specific protocols. Typically these would be network protocols such as SMTP, FTP, SSH, and SIP but they have now expanded to include file types such as documents, image files, video formats, and Flash animations.

The most flexible type is the second generation fuzzer which allows the user to define the packet type, the protocol, and the elements within it to be fuzzed. Its flexibility is balanced by the fact that users have to be aware of the vulnerabilities to be tested and may overlook some. It is crucial that every element in the protocol is tested, no matter how unimportant it may seem. In the above example, it may seem pointless to repeat the colon but this could be the flaw that the hacker is looking for. The lesson is that nothing should be taken for granted.

Buffer Overflows

Developers are not infallible. When buffer overflows started to hit the headlines, many C programmers switched to using bounded string operations as a cure-all. Unfortunately, the strncpy() command was often implemented incorrectly resulting in the Off By One error. This was caused by setting a buffer size to, say, 32. It sounds logical enough but the input field has to have a null value terminator and that has to be allowed for in the character count and added by the application.

The null marks the buffer’s edge, but would be overwritten by an apparently legal 32 character input. This means that the boundary between neighboring buffers disappears and future accesses may treat the two strings as a larger single buffer and open up the possibility of a buffer overflow exploit where
one may not have existed before.

“Developers are not infallible

Once a weakness has been found the QA process may be almost over, barring a fix being devised and issued. For the hacker, however, the real task is just beginning. A successful fuzz attack typically ends with an application crash – not a clever trick unless disruption is the aim. What it does indicate is that some executable bytes have been overwritten with nonsense. The chances are that this is probably a stack and a return address has been corrupted causing the application to jump to some arbitrary memory location. Before being overwritten with nonsensical input, this location would be a pointer to the continuation of the legally running application code.

Once the buffer is lying beside the stack, the hacker carefully crafts an oversized buffer input to overwrite the jump address at the top of the stack with a pointer to executable code stored elsewhere in RAM instead of just arbitrary bytes as before. Usually the pointer is set to the beginning of the buffer. When writing the new input, the hacker uses padding to ensure the four bytes carrying the jump location is correctly placed on the stack.

Rather than just any kind of padding, the bytes used form a shellcode routine in assembly code. When the pointer redirects program execution to the buffered code, the attacker has taken control of program execution and can take control of the server, assuming the interrupted application had suid root, or administrator, rights. Obviously, the larger the buffer, the larger the chunk of code that can be inserted.

The growth of fuzzing has been remarkable. From the QA perspective it offers a very effective way to discover flaws early. For attackers it presents a way to penetrate black box servers that would otherwise be difficult to penetrate. Reports of fuzzing exploits are vague and merely say that a specific program crashes when it opens a file containing a particular malformed file. There is no clue as to why or how this happens, leaving the security experts to recreate the conditions in order to find out the mechanics of the exploits.

The number of fuzzer programs is increasing in both specialisms and subtlety. As tools become more sophisticated developers become bogged down with patch requests. This results in rising maintenance costs and the point is reached where a trade-off between increasing the security and financial considerations may start to affect the reliability of software. There is a danger that vulnerability detection will become far more reactive than proactive.

Vulnerability testing is more important now than ever before as financial gains from professional hacking become more attractive because finance is increasingly directed through the internet. The current pressures on in-house departmental QA to keep up with faster moving changes in the breadth and scope of exploits is now making outsourcing of the responsibility more attractive than it was previously.

Database Security Measures You Can Use

Database Security Measures You Can Use

We all know how easy it can be for hackers to gain access to our private information on our computers. Email and the Internet are great tools for hackers to use to gain unauthorized access to some of our most important personal and financial information. There are things that you can do to protect your computer, and prevent harmful content from being sent to your computer.
One of the best ways that you can implement database security measures is by keeping the file password protected. This will only allows specific users to have access to the files and the database. It can keep people out of the information that you do not want them to see. You can also install various anti-virus and anti-spyware software on your computer. Fire walls are another excellent tool that you can use to prevent anyone getting access to your personal information.
There are always new updates and downloads available that you can get to keep your security software programs safe and protected. It is important to stay up to date with any of the new features that you can download to help improve the level of security. Database security can be kept safe by using fire walls to protect your databases. Fire walls can be used in software and in hardware and even both. They are usually used to help prevent unauthorized users from being able to access private information and networks that are connected to the Internet. Fire walls are commonly used in companies that are protecting the privacy of information being passed from one user to another, or through the Internet. Fire walls are set up to filter every message and communication that passes through the system.
If you have information that you need to keep protected and need to have security features intact for allowing only certain users to have access to view, change or delete files in your database security system, you need to have the right tools to defend your computer. If you are not sure if you have the right amount of security and protection to keep your entire information safe, you may want to verify that you have anti-virus software installed. Not only is it important to have anti-virus software installed on your computer, you also need to make sure that it is up to date and turned on for full security. 
Security is a big concern for both corporations and small companies. More and more research and development is going into new ways to help keep computers protected and to keep everyone’s personal and financial information secure and prevent others from gaining access to the files. 

Message of Christ, quoted in silver

Message of Christ, quoted in silver

There are few symbols, narratives, sounds, ideas and notes that never die and significantly become an integral part of lives, values, and cultures and forms religions which are set of beliefs and aimed at the intended to give meaning to lives.


Some of them truly become an immortal proposition of every aspect of life and further drive and influence varied patterns and ideas which are flown all through the portions of human settlements.


One such symbol of immortality, Cross is regarded as a representation of the structure of the large wooden cross used in crucifixion of Jesus Christ and symbolizes Christianity.


The iconography of Christian cross carries significant meaning to the followers of Christianity and it is inseparable and intrinsic part of their lives. Most evidently, one would always see cross being used in different segments of worships and religious periphery and beyond that where they have a great overture in the methods of human life.


As a part of this significant idea, Celtics and pendants are applied and used in and beyond the factors of religion and processed by the craftsmen and designers in the most delivering sense.


The great cross comes in a wide range of varieties of use and applications and produced in numerous forms too. Celtic knots and Celtic jewellery are known for their adaptation for use in the ornamentation of Christian monuments and manuscripts which includes St. Teilo Gospels, the Book of Kells and the Lindisfarne Gospels.


Referring to that idea various interpretations are used for jewelleries, sculptures and monumental arts. Most eminently Celtic jewellery and siver cross are enacted and used in endless variations and different modes of identity.


Silver cross pendant are produced in various forms from plain blocks, engine turned block, crucifix blocks and hand engraved blocks to stamped flats, diamond sets, ankh and other silver crosses which permutes and combines incalculable counts of designs and types.


Celtic jewellery patterns are no less in patterns and significantly cater to phenomenal variety to showcase best of the creations that the Celtics designs could be underwent to produce excellent pieces of the symbol.


As the archaeologist Catherine Johns put it “Common to Celtic art over a wide chronological and geographical span is an exquisite sense of balance in the layout and development of patterns.”

Variety of art in Celtic jewellery makes it further more impressive as a piece of identification based on nationality and culture one belongs to coming from the part of modern era art.


Tapping the most relevant designs and concepts in art and merging it beautifully with grace of silver makes them define enhanced terms of value to the idea and significance that cross bears and put them across as dignified message of Christ quoted in silver.